The Best Treatment For Anxiety Disorder

The Best Treatment For Anxiety Disorder

There are many options for anxiety treatment. The main types of medications used are cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), benzodiazepines, SNRIs, and TCAs. However, it is important to note that CBT is not the only option available. It is not always the best option, and many people experience success with a combination of treatments. The best treatment for anxiety disorder will vary depending on the severity of your condition and your overall health.

Cognitive behavioral therapy:

A key benefit of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is its long-term efficacy. Studies have shown that cognitive therapy can decrease anxiety levels for up to 12 months, though further studies are needed to assess long-term effects. Cognitive therapy targets distorted thoughts that result in overactive fear and worry and helps the patient identify and challenge these patterns. This treatment is most effective when it is combined with behavioral techniques.

Benzodiazepines:

Benzodiazepines are a class of anti-anxiety medications that act on the brain’s gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors. Because of this, they work fast to relieve symptoms and reduce anxiety in an instant. These drugs are also useful for treating sleep disorders and inducing relaxed states before surgery. The side effects of benzodiazepines are minimal, but they can lead to drowsiness, confusion, dizziness, and depression.

SNRIs:

Selected serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are approved for the treatment of PD, GAD, and SAD, and are commonly used to treat these conditions. Some SSRIs are more effective than placebo for GAD, with escitalopram and duloxetine having the largest effect sizes. These medications have limited adverse effects and are used in conjunction with other treatments for anxiety disorders.

TCAs:

TCAs increase the levels of neurotransmitters in the central nervous system, resulting in a more relaxed state. The drugs bind to specific receptors, including serotonin and norepinephrine, to improve mood and concentration. Some TCAs bind to NET or SERT. Clomipramine and desipramine are powerful NET binders.

Biofeedback:

Biofeedback is a therapy in which patients learn how to control their body’s response to stress. For example, the treatment may pinpoint tense muscles that cause headaches. In the end, the therapy can help people manage their symptoms without medication. Many people also turn to biofeedback for migraines or headaches. However, the results of the studies have been mixed. While biofeedback can be an effective treatment for anxiety disorders, it might not be the best option for every person.